In hospitals, they may work day, evening, or night shifts if the billing department operates 24 hours per day. There is little to no contact with patients. Salary and Job Outlook The salary range for a medical coder ranges from a high of $58,488 to a low of $33,777 with $43,995 being the average. The job outlook is expected to be better than average through 2016 with faster than average growth at a projected increase of 18 percent. Government regulations regarding health information and billing will ensure that there are plenty of job opportunities available. There will also be the need to replace workers leaving the work force due to retirement. Medical Coding Programs and Colleges Certified medical coders are trained in anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology. They must understand the etiology, pathology, signs, symptoms, and disease processes. Coders may receive an associates or bachelors degree at one of over 200 colleges and universities across the country. Many more institutions offer a coding certificate program. There are also many online medical coding classes and colleges to choose from. Some medical coding specialists may choose to become certified in their field. There are several types of certifications from which to choose depending upon your areas of experience. All that is required to be eligible to take the certification exam is a high school diploma or equivalent.